From 1932 to 1934, Soviet Ukraine was exposed to extreme famine as used as a weapon of terror by the Soviets. The period is called Holodomor, or death by hunger. Famine losses nationwide were as high as 341/1,000 population during the famine peak in June 1933. Tonight’s speakers have examined the long-term health effects of this period. Fundamentally, they found that the risk for diabetes was highest for births in provinces with the highest famine severity. Therefore, they expect the Ukraine war to have lasting health effects over the lifetime among men and women who survive the immediate losses. These and other questions of health heritage will be dealt with in tonight’s panel discussion.
About the speakers
Nataliia Levchuck is Senior Researcher at the Ptoukha Institute of Demography and Social Studies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv. She was a Fellow Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany, and the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute, Boston. She has published extensively on regional differences in 1932-34 Holodomor mortality at the oblast as well as raion level.
Oleh Wolowyna is a research fellow at the Center for Slavic, Eurasian and Eastern European Studies, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, and Director of the Center for Demographic and Socioeconomic Research on Ukrainians in the United States, Shevchenko Scientific Society, New York. He has published extensively on the 1932–34 famine in Ukraine and on Ukrainians in the United States and Canada.
L.H. Lumey is Professor of Epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Medical Center, New York and a visiting Fellow at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences NIAS in Amsterdam. He has published extensively on the immediate and long term impact of the Ukraine famine, the Dutch Hunger Winter famine of 1944-45 and the Chinese Great Leap forward famine of 1959-61.